Syntax and Rhetorical Terms

Posted: February 15, 2019 in English 12 AP, Notes and Literary Terms

Here’s the Power Point I shared in class: Syntax Terminology 2018

And here are some warm ups we’ll be working on: convoluted sentences,   Types of Sentences review,  Rhetorical Device Review Warm up

You can also view the terms by clicking below:

 

A simple sentence

contains one independent clause.

 

A compound sentence

contains two independent clauses

 

A complex sentence

contains an independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.

 

A compound-complex sentence

contains two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.

 

A Loose sentence

has its main clause at the beginning of the sentence.

 

A Periodic sentence

is organized into a least two parts and expresses a complex thought not brought to completion until the close.

 

A Convoluted sentence

Is where the subordinate elements, instead of preceding the main clause, split it apart from the inside separating the subject and verb.

 

Parallelism

Is two or more phrases or clauses with the same grammatical form

 

A Balanced sentence

Has two or more clauses or phrases with essentially the same form and length and have similar functions.

 

Anaphora

the repetition of the same term beginning successive clauses.

 

Inverted Word Order

rearranging the main elements of a sentence in some order other than subject-verb-object, which is often called natural word order.

 

Juxtaposition

a poetic and a rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, often creating an effect of surprise or wit

 

Epistrophe 

 the repetition of the same term at the ending of successive clauses.

 

Anadiplosis

using the same term at the end of one clause at the beginning of the next one.

 

Epanalepsis 

when the same word appears at the beginning and the end of a clause

 

Polysyndeton

places a conjunction after every term except the last.

 

Asyndeton

uses no conjunctions and separates terms of the series with commas

 

Chiasmus

figure of speech in which the structure of two or more clauses are reversed or mirrored, inverted parallelism

 

Zeugma

a special kind of pun that occurs when a verb or preposition has both literal and figurative objects

 

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